Dr Paul Charles – It starts in the mind and it must end in the mind – then work with the end in mind.
I have heard it repeatedly claimed that Apartheid is still alive in South Africa, after so many years of constitutional democracy. In this article, in a series of three, I will limit myself to the Root of Apartheid.
The Afrikaner Identity
Previously, in the not-so-distant past and hard-to-forget history of South Africa, Afrikaner Nationalists believed in the superiority of the Afrikaner nation. They believed that their identity was ‘god-given.’ They feared that the Afrikaner’s very existence was threatened by the mass of Africans that confronted them in South Africa; that the Afrikaner nation would be swamped and overcome if there was continued mixing of races. Afrikaner Nationalist historians explain apartheid in 1948 as the consolidation of these beliefs through a range of laws that were passed to prevent the mixing of the races and to preserve this ‘god-given’ Afrikaner identity.
When we hear the word Apartheid, we sometimes think of Nelson Mandela’s triumphs: his Nobel Peace Prize and long struggle to transform South Africa into a democracy. However, its history is worth recollecting, for illustrative purposes only, with no vilification intended. This modern system of legalized racial and “tribal” segregation dominated South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s. What is it that determined the course of white supremacy in twentieth-century South Africa?
A Closer Look
A closer look is shocking. What is it that will make a person, who bleeds as the next person and feels love and pain as the next, who is of the same intrinsic value and worth as the next person assume that he is superior by far, in every aspect? This question sparked a brief journey that made me realize that there is a lot more than what meets the eye. When you trace the historical processes that led to Apartheid rule and its forms of economic, political and social control, you will identify global ideologies, rooted in Social Darwinism and eugenics, that influenced Apartheid laws and mentalities.
I was shocked. A certain group of people began to think they were superior and therefore acted in line with that belief. The aphorism, “as a man thinketh in his heart so is he,” not only embraces the whole of a man’s being but is so comprehensive as to reach out to every condition and circumstance of his life. A man is literally what he thinks, his character being the complete sum of all his thoughts. As the plant springs from, and could not be without the seed, so every act of a man springs from the hidden seeds of thought, and could not have appeared without them.
Stop and Think
Not too many people stop to think through the implications of our belief systems. Have you taken a recent look at Charles Darwin’s famous book that started it all? You know the one. The Origin of Species. And are you aware of the full original title Darwin gave his book? Maybe in our current politically correct culture the complete title is too offensive to put right on the cover. But like it or not, here’s the whole title. Ready?
Origin of Species
On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. What? Favored Races? Yes, Favored Races! Darwin made certain that the essence of his theory was front and center. Let’s break it down. First we see that the book is about origins. Darwin is attempting to inform us where we came from. According to him, our existence is a purely accidental naturalistic phenomenon. Then he moves into the process by which he believed we came into existence: “By Means of Natural Selection.”
That simply means that the strong survive and the weak don’t, also described by Darwin as, “the survival of the fittest.” Every creature is in competition for survival with all others. It’s “natural,” Darwin says, “that those with stronger traits will conquer those with weaker traits. The survivors will then breed, thus preserving and strengthening the traits most suited for survival. Things get gradually better as the weak are slaughtered and the strong survive to propagate.”
Elimination of the Weak
So evolution is dependent on the elimination of the weak. In fact, to the degree that any of the weak survive, the evolutionary process will be hindered. In this sense, competition and conquest are good for the advancement of life. The highest law is self-preservation, and the brutal cycle of killing is merely an amoral (neither right or wrong) necessity.
Final Part of the Title
Which brings us to the final part of Darwin’s title. It’s a mouth-full for a book title, but get these words: “The Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.” The idea is so heavy that even those who believe the theory see the racist implications and cringe. And yet, no explanation can alter what Darwin means when he speaks of “favored races.”
Favored above others
Sure, Darwin used the word “races” to refer to all life forms, both vegetable, and animal, but that does not lessen the racist implications because the human species was included in Darwin’s theory. The theory of evolution unavoidably teaches that some human races are favored above others. It should come as no surprise, then, that Darwin’s cousin and disciple, Sir Francis Galton, became the father of modern “eugenics,” which is the Greek word for “wellborn.”
Taking Darwin’s evolutionary theory to its logical conclusion, Galton taught that “the gifted,” or more highly evolved humans, should treat the less favored among us with “kindness”—get this—“so long as they maintain “celibacy.” He went on to say, “If these continued to procreate children inferior in moral, intellectual and physical qualities, it is easy to believe the time may come when such persons would be considered as enemies of the state” (Quoted in Peter and Jean Medawar, Aristotle to Zoos, p. 87).
Eish! Wow! Ouch!
Enemies of the State
People considered as “enemies of the state” because they are inferior? Galton’s ideas turned out to be a dark “prophecy” that came true when Nazi eugenics scientists bought into Darwin’s “favored races” theory and supervised Hitler’s “Final Solution.” Millions who were regarded as less evolved than the Aryans were slaughtered with survival-of-the-fittest gusto, and the evolution-educated conscience seems to have felt no guilt.
Kill or be Killed
Kill or be killed, and why feel guilty, because, after all, if self-preservation is the highest law, and if the “triumph of the strong over the weak” is simply necessary for the advancement of mankind, well, then, may the best race win! And the pattern was mimicked in the Caribbean, Australia, America and South Africa, et al. Which begs the chilling question, If Darwin was right, then which ones are the “favored races”? Which of us are more highly evolved?
Who is better?
Which of us are better than the rest of us? The Nazis’ thought they were answering the question with their Aryan supremacy ideology and their gas chambers. In the past, Whites, in South Africa, thought it was them.
The Preservation of Favored Races. Can you see it on the bestseller shelf? Those words are there, after all, in the original title. Like it or not, that is the point of Darwin’s theory in all its debasing “glory.”
Do we really understand?
But somehow, I don’t think the Favored Races title would sell. I wonder how many really understand the implications of the logical conclusion of Darwin’s theory. The question is, do we? That is how a holocaust is started. Today scientists confirm how the evolutionary theory of random genetic change contradicts what really happens in nature.